Sunday, August 24, 2008

North American Birds Introduced Outside North America

According to the AOU Check-list of North American birds (1998), the following seven species native to North America have been introduced to, and established in, localities outside the area covered by the Check-list. But notice, for example, that it does not include the numerous species introduced from mainland North America to the Hawaiian Islands (which are in the AOU Check-list area).
  • Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) – “Introduced and established in Iceland, the British Isles, Sardinia, and New Zealand.” [pp. 59-60]

  • Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) – “Introduced and established [platyrhynchos group] in . . . Australia, and New Zealand.” [p. 68-69]

  • Ruddy Duck (Oxyura jamaicensis) – “Introduced and established in England (where increasing).” [p. 86]

  • Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) – “Introduced in “New Zealand.” [p. 122]

  • California Quail (Callipepla californica) – “Introduced . . . in . . .New Zealand, Australia, Chile, Argentina, and Corsica, . . .” [p. 125]

  • Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) – “Introduced and established in . . . New Zealand.” [pp. 125-126]

  • Common Redpoll (Carduelis flammea) – “Introduced and established [from birds of unspecified provenance] in New Zealand and on Lord Howe Island.” [p. 664]